Equality of Vote Compromised in 92 PA Constituencies

Equality of Vote Compromised in 92 PA Constituencies

ISLAMABAD, April 10, 2018: Examination of the recently issued preliminary report of draft proposals for the delimitation of constituencies reveals that adherence to the principle of equality of vote – a key principle for ensuring equitable political representation – is compromised in 92 proposed Provincial Assembly (PA) constituencies, including 26 in Balochistan, 22 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), 21 in Punjab, and 23 in Sindh. These proposed constituencies deviate by more than 10% from their respective provincial average population per PA constituency; exceeding the ordinarily permissible variation range of 10% established by the law.

Of 92 PA constituencies, 72 constituencies have been suggested with a variation rate between 11% and 20%, nine constituencies have variation between 21% and 30%, seven constituencies have a higher degree of variation between 31% and 40%, three constituencies have a variation between 41% and 50% while in case of one Balochistan PA constituency, this variation is exorbitantly higher than 50%.

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Delimitation Proposals: FAFEN Identifies Discrepancies in Size of Electoral Constituencies

ISLAMABAD, March 16, 2018: Free and Fair Election Network (ECP) has identified varying degree of discrepancies in the population size of electoral constituencies in fresh delimitation proposals laid out by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP). While ECP has upheld the legal delimitation principles of geographical compactness and respect for the existing boundaries of administrative units, the principle of equality of vote is compromised in as many as 81 National Assembly constituencies where the variation in population size exceeds the ordinarily permissible legal limit of 10%.

Election Rules, 2017 drafted and approved by ECP appeared to have been strictly adhered to but in that process legal principle of equality of vote is compromised. Rules pertaining to delimitation could not sufficiently operationalize the legal principle of equality of vote among constituencies. Law provides for equality among constituencies but Rules have attempted to follow this principle among provinces and districts. In a detailed analysis of the Preliminary Report and List of Constituencies released by ECP, FAFEN examined the variations found in the population and voter size of the National Assembly (NA) constituencies with regards to the national, provincial and district averages of population and voters per constituency.

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Code Violations Go Unchecked in Ghotki By-election

Code Violations Go Unchecked in Ghotki By-election

GHOTKI, March 5, 2018: Violations of code of conduct and unchecked campaigning and canvassing, marred the otherwise peaceful by-election for the Sindh Assembly seat in Ghotki (PS-7 Ghotki-III) that was held on March 5, 2018, says the Free and Fair Election’s (FAFEN) observation report. The seat had fallen vacant following the death of Pakistan Peoples…

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Enforcement lapses Allow Procedural Irregularities in Sargodha By-Election

Enforcement lapses Allow Procedural Irregularities in Sargodha By-Election

SARGODHA, March 4, 2018: Procedural irregularities and weak enforcement of electoral laws characterized an otherwise peaceful but low turnout by-election of the Punjab Assembly seat in Sargodha (PP-30 Sargodha-III) that was held on March 4, 2018, says the Free and Fair Election’s (FAFEN) observation report. The by-election was necessitated due to the death of Pakistan…

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Procedural Irregularities in Relatively Low Turnout Lodhran By-Election

ISLAMABAD, February 12, 2018: Unchecked campaigning and canvassing and suspicious voting patterns mark the NA-154 by-election that remained peaceful amidst heavy presence of security personnel inside and outside polling stations, says Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) on Thursday. On average, 2.7 violations of electoral laws, rules and codes of conduct per polling station were…

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Illegal Canvassing, Lack of Critical Election Materials Mark PP-20 By-Election

Illegal Canvassing, Lack of Critical Election Materials Mark PP-20 By-Election

ISLAMABAD, January 09, 2018: Despite an improved legal and regulatory framework, electoral irregularities, procedural violations and weak enforcement characterized the low-turnout by-election of PP-20 Chakwal-I held on Tuesday, which otherwise remained peaceful, says Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN). This was the first by-election held under the Elections Act, 2017 which came into force in…

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FAFEN to Observe Chakwal By-Election with 48 Trained Citizen-Observers

FAFEN to Observe Chakwal By-Election with 48 Trained Citizen-Observers

ISLAMABAD January 8, 2017: Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) will observe the PP-20 Chakwal-I by-election which will be conducted under the new Elections Act, 2017 on January 9, 2018. This Provincial Assembly seat fell vacant on October 30, 2017 due to the death of Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz’s (PML-N) Chaudhry Liaquat Ali Khan During…

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Illegal Canvassing, Bar on Observers Reported from NA-120 Elections

Illegal Canvassing, Bar on Observers Reported from NA-120

ISLAMABAD, September 17, 2017: Though Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) managed to control illegal campaigning and canvassing around the majority of polling stations during the by-election in NA-120 Lahore-III, Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) reports that its observers witnessed party camps at one-fourth and provision of transport by candidates around one-third of observed polling stations.

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ECP Vigilance, Violations of Code of Conduct Mark NA-120 Campaign

ECP Vigilance, Violations of Code of Conduct Mark NA-120 Campaign

ISLAMABAD September 15, 2017: Violations of Election Commission of Pakistan’s (ECP) code of conduct by contesting parties, allegations on PML-N of use of state machinery by the opposing candidates and ECP’s continued vigilance in terms of taking notices of complaints remained the key highlights of FAFEN’s observation of competitive and intense campaign period ahead of NA-120 by-election.

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